The United States on Wednesday announced the resumption of aid to the Palestinians, against Israel's advice, and reaffirmed its support for a two-state solution, refocusing its position on that adopted by Donald Trump.
US aid to the UN Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA) will reach $ 235 million.
In detail, the United States will again contribute to the financing of this agency to the tune of 150 million US dollars. They will also contribute 75 million for the development and economy of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and 10 million for the peace process.
American aid to the Palestinian people serves the interests and values of the United States. It provides crucial assistance to those in need, promotes economic development and supports Israeli-Palestinian dialogue, coordination of security and stability., justified Secretary of State Antony Blinken.
Israel's Ambassador to the United States, Gilad Erdan, immediately expressed his
disappointment and his
The United States should have
first, ensure that certain reforms are carried out, aimed in particular at putting an end to incitement (to anti-Semitism) and to removing anti-Semitic content from school curricula, he added.
On the Palestinian side, the Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority, Mohammed Shtayyeh, said that this resumption of aid should only be a first step.
We look forward not only to the resumption of financial aid, but also to the return of political relations with the United States, in a way that enables our Palestinian people to fulfill their legitimate rights to establish an independent state with Jerusalem as its capital., said Mr. Shtayyeh.
The Palestinian prime minister also called on Washington to
put pressure on Israel to curb the desire for expansion and colonization in the occupied territories.
The German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas, for his part, considered that the American announcement launched
a good signal, has a
On another key issue in the Israeli-Palestinian issue, President Joe Biden on Wednesday reiterated his support for a two-state solution, questioned by Donald Trump who, during his mandate, offered many pledges of satisfaction to the government. Hebrew state.
Biden reaffirmed this position in a telephone interview with King Abdullah II of Jordan, in which he also expressed strong American support for Jordan, according to a White House statement.
The new funding pledged by Washington is in addition to the US $ 15 million already announced by the United States to help Palestinians facing the COVID-19 pandemic, as Israel, the world leader in vaccination, is accused of not allowing the occupied territories to benefit from these advances.
Israel claims that the vaccination campaign in the Palestinian Territories is the responsibility of the Palestinian Authority.
An agency in deficit
The UN Agency for Palestinian Refugees (UNRWA), of which the United States was once the largest donor, has faced a shortfall since Donald Trump withdrew his funds in 2018, arguing that refugees, including some have lived in camps for generations, should be resettled.
The agency said its needs have increased due to COVID-19 and the hardships faced by Palestinians living in Syria, Lebanon or Jordan.
UNRWA says it entered 2021 with a liability of US $ 75 million resulting from fiscal year 2020, and it is expected to grow to over US $ 200 million for the current year.
The Biden administration has reestablished its relations with the Palestinians and given them its support, without however revealing any new peace initiative to resolve this historic conflict.
Shortly after the Democratic president's inauguration in January, the United States said it would reopen the offices of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in Washington, which had been closed under President Donald Trump. The PLO is the entity recognized internationally as representing the Palestinians of the Territories and of the Diaspora.
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