As always when there is a replacement in the White House, the international community is waiting for the first movements of the new Administration to know the tone that it will set in its foreign policy. This time with even greater reason, after a president who has clashed with his allies and has sharpened the confrontations with his traditional rivals and enemies.
China. On his last day in office, the Donald Trump Administration decided to designate China's treatment of its Uighur minority – Muslim by religion – as "genocide." The icing on the cake for a relationship that has left many unresolved issues, such as the trade and technology war.
It does not seem that the policy will change: new forms – more educated, more predictable – but the same background as until now. The new president has selected well-known hawks towards China in his foreign policy team, such as his new coordinator for the region, Kurt Campbell, the mastermind behind Barack Obama's “turn to Asia”. Informs Macarena Vidal Liy.
European Union. Brussels is in a rush to restore transatlantic ties, badly damaged during the Trump era. And this same Wednesday the EU sent a reconciliation offer to the new president. "Let us build a new founding pact for a stronger Europe, a stronger America, for a better world," proclaimed the President of the European Council, Charles Michel, before the European Parliament. During the same parliamentary debate, the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, celebrated that “Europe now has a friend in the White House and is ready for a new beginning (in the relationship) with its oldest partner and in the you trust the most ”. The main parliamentary groups defended the need to take advantage of the relief in Washington to rethink a transatlantic relationship that, according to most analysts, will never be what it was. By Bernardo de Miguel.
UK. Boris Johnson made clear this Wednesday in the House of Commons his two immediate objectives regarding the United States: "We seek to strengthen our alliance, to face together the challenges of climate change and reconstruction after the pandemic." The personal connection between Johnson and Donald Trump aroused suspicions in the Democrat, who came to define the British prime minister as "an emotional physical clone of Trump." Biden never supported Brexit, and his Irish origins came to the fore as he saw peace in Northern Ireland in jeopardy. Johnson wants to take advantage of the G7 meeting, in Cornwall in June, and the Climate Summit, in November in Glasgow, to bring positions closer to the new president. By Rafa de Miguel.
Latin America. The region's relationship with the United States is also often the story of Washington's presence in the region. One of the first to congratulate Biden on Wednesday was Colombian Iván Duque. The support of the US Administration is essential both in the fight against drug trafficking and in the implementation of the peace process with the FARC. “Colombia is, as it has always been, ready to continue strengthening a historic binational, bipartisan and bicameral relationship,” Duque declared. Biden also has in his hands to turn around the serious crisis in Venezuela, probably the greatest source of instability in the region. The new Administration does not hesitate to condemn the drift of the Bolivarian regime, but assumes power after years of failed strategies. Mexico spoke through its chancellor, Marcelo Ebrard, and wished Biden and Harris “the greatest of success”. “There will be a very good bilateral relationship for the benefit of our great peoples. A new stage begins of mutual respect and shared hope, ”said the head of diplomacy. By Francesco Manetto.
Brazil. The change in direction of the United States means for Brazil that it will be more isolated and will have to withstand greater pressure on one of its most sensitive international flanks, the environment. President Jair Bolsonaro has congratulated former President Joe Biden in a letter of three pages that he has posted on Twitter hours after the inauguration. It is a courtesy letter. The Brazilian reminds him that they preside over "the two largest democracies in the West." He declares himself a firm admirer of the United States for a long time and adds: "Since I assumed the presidency, I went on to correct the mistakes of my previous Brazilian governments, which separated Brazil from the United States, contrary to (…) common interests." Bolsonaro mentions the thorny issue of the Amazon to declare himself open to continue collaborating in the protection of the environment and the sustainable development of the Amazon.
President Jair Bolsonaro turned his back on the BRICs. Fio his foreign policy, during the two years he has been in power, to a political and ideological alliance with Donald Trump, but with the national-populist out of the White House, Brazil has to reposition itself. Because the United States has been its great international ally and is its second commercial partner after China, a great customer of its raw materials. It is foreseeable that the Amazon will gain prominence in the bilateral relationship because for Joe Biden its preservation is a priority; does not rule out pressing even on the trade front.
All indications anticipate that the Bolsonaro-Biden relationship will be difficult. The Brazilian was one of the leaders who took the longest to recognize his victory (month and a half). He echoed Trump's false accusations of fraud as setting the stage for his own re-election in 2022. And the political clan he leads has stood by the Trumps' side until the last minute. His son Eduardo, chairman of the Foreign Affairs committee of the House of Deputies, was visiting the Trumps when the assault on Congress took place in Washington. Two days later he posed with Jared Kushner: "Nice to be welcomed into the White House, even briefly," he tweeted. Ernesto Araujo, a Trump-style diplomat, continues to lead Foreign Affairs. By Naiara Galarraga Gortázar.
Russia. "For Russia, nothing will change, it will continue to live as it has done for many years, seeking good relations with the United States," declared Kremlin spokesman Dmitri Peskov on Wednesday. It doesn't seem like a shared goal, after Joe Biden called Russia "the greatest threat" to the United States.
The democrat will have on the table the embers of the Russian plot and the consequences of the great hack at the heart of the administration and large US companies. A response is also expected to the case of the opposition Alexei Navalni, currently under arrest in Moscow. Biden's approach to the case may set the tone for relations between the two countries. By Maria R. Sahuquillo.
Middle East. The departure of the most disruptive American president in recent Middle Eastern history represents a third change. And the arrival of Joe Biden is greeted with a division of opinion in the region. The caution of the Israelis and the relative optimism of the Palestinians confirm that the Trump mandate has been uniquely beneficial to the Jewish state; the silence of Egypt, Syria or other Arab countries denotes the concern generated by the policy of defense of human rights anticipated by the new president. His Secretary of State, Antony Blinken, confirmed on Tuesday that the two-state solution – the creation of a Palestinian state – is now out of reach and that Biden will keep the Embassy in Jerusalem as the Israeli "capital," at least for now. In Israel, while awaiting the facts on the ground – the way diplomacy is often expressed in this troubled region – hardly anyone has yet explicitly pronounced on the new presidency, apart from the helpful greetings of welcome. Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said goodbye Tuesday night of the Trump era with the previous auction of about 2,600 homes in the West Bank and East Jerusalem settlements, in one of the largest recent waves of expansion of the colonies. By Juan Carlos Sanz.
Iran. The president of Iran, Hasan Rohaní, reiterated on Wednesday the willingness of his country to return to respect the commitments it acquired with the nuclear agreement whenever the United States returns and urged the new president Biden to lift the sanctions on the Islamic Republic. "The ball is now in the US court," he said. By Angeles Espinosa.
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