White smoke for the democratic "charter of principles" that should guide the imams in France. On the same day that the deputies began to work on the other pillar of the Government's plan to combat “Islamist separatism”, the bill that “reaffirms republican principles”, the president, Emmanuel Macron, received this Monday in the Elysium to the representatives of various Muslim currents who have managed to agree, after weeks of discussions and crisis, a list of secular and democratic principles with which imams who wish to preach in France must commit themselves in the future, accepting the values of the Republic and abjuring religious extremism.
The agreement on the "letter of principles" adopted by the French Council of Muslim Worship (CFCM) constitutes a "clear and clear commitment in favor of the Republic" and allows "a clarification of the organization of Muslim worship", the Elysee quoted Macron after meeting with Muslim leaders at the presidential palace together with his Interior Minister Gérald Darmanin.
The “consensual text”, as the president of the CFCM, Mohammed Moussaoui described it in a statement, “reaffirms the compatibility of the Muslim faith with the principles of the Republic”, especially “secularism”, as well as “equality between women and men "Or" freedom of conscience and religion. "
In addition, the text approved by the nine federations made up of the CFCM, the Government's main interlocutor for issues related to the organization of Muslim worship, “rejects the instrumentalization of Islam for political purposes, as well as the interference of the States in the exercise of worship. Muslim". Precisely the definition of what constitutes "political Islam" was one of the points that at the end of December made the whole project shake, following the denunciations of the imam of the Great Mosque of Paris, Chems-Eddine Hafiz, that "Islamist components" The CFCM sought to "sabotage" the letter of principles.
The question of political Islam is a key point for Macron, who in his battle against "Islamist separatism" already announced last year the launch of an initiative to end, in four years, with the so-called consular imams, paid and sent preachers. by foreign countries – about 300 coming mainly from Turkey, Morocco and Algeria – and also prevent foreign financing of mosques in France, for which the bill now in the hands of the National Assembly provides stricter rules for foreign donations of more than 10,000 euros.
Although fundamental, the "letter of principles" is only a first step, Moussaoui stressed after the presidential appointment. This should now lead to the creation of a National Council of Magnets (CNI), which will be the institution in charge of issuing certificates for magnets that meet the established principles. This project received a strong boost from the Elysee after the brutal murder of Samuel Paty, the professor who was beheaded on the outskirts of Paris in mid-October for showing caricatures of Muhammad in class.
"The president has always supported us, has been by our side and hopes that this first step can lead to the next, to the creation of the CNI", declared Moussaoui, who warned that this task "will be long", although he declared himself "confident To achieve it.
The law against religious separatism, under examination
The green light for the formation of imams coincided with the beginning of debates in Parliament on the bill against "Islamist separatism" promoted by Macron.
Before their arrival in the hemicycle, the 51 articles of the legislative proposal will be examined, throughout this week, by a special commission of 70 deputies who must, above all, face the wave of amendments presented – 1,700 – that promise to hinder the On the road to regulation, amid criticism of the opposition, both on the left and on the right, for whom the law either does not go far enough or falls short. The regulations have caused unease even within the macronism, especially after the amendment presented by the number two of the party in the National Assembly of formation, Aurore Bergé, who sought to ban the veil for girls and for mothers who accompany students in extracurricular activities. Although the proposal is one of 300 already rejected, it has shown the strong sensitivities and difficult lines that Macron's proposal must traverse before it can become law.