All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who? | United States

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On May 17, 2017, Robert Mueller, an attorney and director of the FBI from 2001 to 2013, was appointed special adviser to the United States Department of Justice to oversee the investigation into "any link and / or coordination between the Russian Government and individuals associated with President Donald Trump's campaign, and any issues that have or may arise directly from the investigation. " Since then, he has accused a total of 33 individuals and three companies with more than a hundred crimes. Among them are five former advisers to Donald Trump, 26 Russian citizens, three Russian companies, a Californian businessman and a Dutch lawyer based in London. Seven of them, including Trump's five former advisers, have pleaded guilty. Among the wide range of crimes they are charged with, there is none to date involving a conspiracy by the president's campaign with Russian officials to interfere in the 2016 election. Mueller continues to investigate. The following is a list of the accused, the crimes they are accused of and their procedural status:

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Michael Cohen

Who? He started working for Trump in 2006 and was his attorney, problem solver, and most trusted man. One day Cohen (New York, 1966) said that he would be willing to be shot by Trump, but today he is a favorite target of the president's attacks. what he is acussed? He pleaded guilty to eight financial crimes related to his businesses and another one of illegal campaign financing, for having paid two women to silence sex scandals that could harm Trump's presidential aspirations. That is part of a separate investigation at the New York Southern District Attorney's office. In November, he also pleaded guilty, to Mueller, of lying to Congress about Trump's business, during the campaign, to build a tower in Moscow. The project continued, Cohen admitted in November, until June 2016, a year after Trump officially announced his campaign for the presidency and weeks before he became the official candidate of the Republican Party. He had previously said that the contacts were interrupted in January of that year. What happened to it? Although Cohen, according to Mueller, "has taken significant steps to mitigate his criminal conduct," prosecutors recommended that he serve a "substantial" jail term. The law provides for his crimes a penalty of up to five years in prison. This Wednesday he has been sentenced to a total of three years.

All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who?
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George Papadopoulus

Who? He defined himself in his Linkedin profile as an “oil, gas and political consultant”. He began working as a foreign policy advisor to the Trump campaign in March 2015, before he was 30 years old. what he is acussed? In April 2016 he was contacted by a Maltese professor with alleged connections in Russia who said that the Russians had "garbage" on Hillary Clinton, the Democratic presidential candidate, in the form of "thousands of emails." He maintained contacts with the professor and with at least two Russian citizens, and tried to organize a trip for the Trump campaign to Moscow. When questioned about it by the FBI in January 2017, he lied. What happened to it? He was arrested in July 2017 and in October he pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI. He began to collaborate with Mueller. On December 7, he was released from prison after serving a 12-day sentence.

All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who?
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Paul Manafort

Who? A lawyer, consultant and lobbyist with extensive experience in politics, Manafort (Connecticut, 1949) joined the Donald Trump campaign in March 2016, of which he was manager between June and August 2016. Years before the campaign, he worked as lobbyist for former President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych, and other controversial international politicians. what he is acussed? He was charged with a total of 25 counts, mostly related to his finances and his previous work for Ukrainian politicians. Among other charges, Mueller accuses him of hiding that lobbying job and the money he obtained for it. What happened to it? He had two trials. In one, he was found guilty of eight financial crimes. To avoid the consequences of the second, he signed a cooperation agreement with Mueller in September 2018 and pleaded guilty to the crimes of conspiracy to defraud the United States and attempted obstruction of justice. But last month, Mueller broke the cooperation agreement by claiming that Manafort continued to lie to them. His sentence is expected on March 5, 2019.

All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who?
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Rick gates

Who? Gates (Fort Lee, Virginia, 1972) was Manafort's partner for years. He joined his lobbying company in the middle of the last decade, and led projects in Ukraine. When Manafort served as Trump's campaign manager, Gates was his second. It continued for a time after his boss was fired. what he is acussed? He pleaded guilty in February to conspiracy to defraud the United States and to having lied to the FBI. He was the first to sign a collaboration agreement with Mueller. What happened to it? He continues to collaborate with Mueller "in several ongoing investigations" and sentence is expected in mid-January.

All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who?
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Michael flynn

Who? With 33 years of military service, this fiery-speaking, Islamophobic Lieutenant General was removed by Barack Obama from his post as director of the Defense Intelligence Agency in 2014. After leaving the Army, Flynn (Fort Meade, Maryland, 1958) opened a consultancy, which quickly fell into the Russian orbit. He was one of the first high-ranking military personnel to support Trump's candidacy, he worked on his campaign and, upon reaching the White House, Trump made him National Security Advisor, a position he held for less than a month. what he is acussed? In December 2016, during the presidential transition, he spoke with Russian Ambassador Sergei Kislyak about the sanctions that Obama had imposed on Russia and about a planned vote in the UN Security Council condemning the Israeli settlements. In January 2017, the FBI interviewed him about it and he lied, as he would later admit. What happened to it? He pleaded guilty in December to lying to the FBI and began assisting with the investigation. The prosecutor, in a brief filed in early December, described his cooperation as "substantial" and recommended that he not receive a jail sentence. His sentence is expected on December 18.

Richard Pinedo

Who? Small Californian tech entrepreneur who helped his clients bypass the security measures of online payment companies. what he is acussed? He pleaded guilty in February 2018 to identity fraud. He sold false identities to Russian citizens in connection with criminal activities. What happened to it? He collaborated with Mueller and in October he was sentenced to six months in jail.

All the defendants in the Russian plot: who is who?
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Alex van der Zwaan

Who? Dutch lawyer based in London, who worked for the American firm Skadden Arps. Son-in-law of Russian oligarch German Khan. what he is acussed? In February, he pleaded guilty to lying to the FBI about his contacts with Rick Gates and another unidentified person in 2012, when his firm was preparing to publish a report commissioned by Manafort and Gates for the Ukrainian government, in defense of former President Yanukovich. What happened to it? He cooperated with investigators, served 30 days in an Allenwood, Pennsylvania prison and was deported to the Netherlands in June. He was the first person to serve a prison sentence for the Mueller investigation.

Konstantin Kilimnik

Who? 48-year-old Russian-Ukrainian citizen, with alleged links in the Russian intelligence services that he denies. He was a partner at Manafort, whom he helped attract clients for his political consultancy. what he is acussed? According to the prosecution, he participated in a criminal conspiracy to obstruct justice, which included "corruptly persuading" two people to avoid their testimony. Mueller is also investigating whether Kilimnik played a role in the alleged Russian propaganda campaign orchestrated during the 2016 election campaign. What happened to it? On June 8, 2018, he was charged with obstruction of justice and witness tampering.

13 Russian citizens and three Russian companies

The companies are a Russian troll farm (Internet Research Agency) and two companies that helped finance it. The individuals are 12 employees of the agency and its funder, Yevgueny Prigozhin. They are charged with conspiracy, and some also with identity theft, in the context of Russian propaganda actions designed to interfere with the 2016 campaign.

12 Russian GRU agents

Mueller indicted 12 agents from the Russian Central Intelligence Department (GRU) for hacking into the Democratic National Committee and Hillary Clinton's presidential campaign. The brief, presented last July, represents the most detailed accusation of the US Government to the Russian for its interference in the 2016 elections.

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