Tensions continue to be palpable between France and Muslim countries, which are still protesting against the republication of Muhammad cartoons by Charlie hebdo and against the fact that the President of France has spoken out in favor of freedom of expression by promising not to "renounce cartoons".
Islam, in its strict interpretation, prohibits any representation of the Prophet Muhammad.
More than 40,000 people demonstrated on Tuesday in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, calling for a boycott of French products and burning the effigy of the French president by accusing him
to worship satan.
Islami Andolan Bangladesh (IAB), one of Bangladesh's main Islamist parties, called for more protests across the country on Thursday and Friday.
In Syria, the Gaza Strip or Libya, portraits of the French president have also been burned, and in several countries in the Persian Gulf, French food products have been removed from stalls.
As for France, she reiterated on Wednesday through a government spokesperson that she
will never give up to his values despite
attempts at destabilization.
France is the subject
of an increased terrorist threat in recent days, fueled by calls to hatred, but who
strengthens us in our desire to fight relentlessly against Islamism and all its avatars, said the spokesperson.
This one also underlined
the great European unity in front of the critics who come from Muslim countries.
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Charlie hebdo Erdogan cartoon
The flood of criticism towards Emmanuel Macron and calls to boycott French products have been fueled in particular by Turkey, whose president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, has questioned
mental health by M. Macron.
Mr. Erdogan finds himself caricatured on the cover of the issue of Charlie hebdo which appeared on Wednesday. The cartoon shows the President of Turkey seated in his underwear, holding a can of beer in one hand and lifting a veiled woman's dress with the other.
Ankara reacted strongly by announcing that it was going to take action
judicial and diplomatic, accusing the weekly of
The Turkish presidency called the design
abject caricature which reflects, according to her, a
hostility against Turks and Islam.
According to Myriam Benrad, political scientist and researcher associated with the Institute for Research and Study on the Arab and Muslim Worlds of Aix-en-Provence, all these tensions are not explained only by the republication of the cartoons and the declarations of the French President, but also by the divergent interests that exist between France and the protesting countries.
There are still a number of pre-existing tensions with countries that have risen up against these statements., she said to All morning.
French and Turkish positions are already opposed on almost all international political issues, she recalls,
whether it is Syria, Iraq, Libya.
As for Morocco or Algeria, they seize on any incident about Islam to arouse postcolonial resentment and use it internally to legitimize itself in public opinion, she thinks.
There is still some blessing for a number of diets in bad shape.
It is true that Morocco has
vigorously condemned the cartoons and that the High Islamic Council in Algeria castigated a
virulent campaign against Islam.
But Tehran also summoned the number two of the French embassy in Iran, and Islamabad did the same with the French ambassador to Pakistan.
In Jordan, Islamic Affairs Minister Mohammed al-Khalayleh protested and the Abu Dhabi-based Council of Muslim Elders chaired by the Grand Imam of Al-Azhar announced plans to continue Charlie hebdo and
anyone who offends Islam.
For his part, the French Minister of the Interior, Gerald Darmanin, wondered
by what right do foreign powers interfere in our internal affairs.
Faced with this outcry of protests, which also emanated from the street, Ms. Benrad stressed that it was far from being representative of all Muslims.
There are still many Muslims that these cartoons leave totally indifferent. There, we see a certain fringe of the population in its manifestations, very conservative, even fundamentalist. It feeds the discourse of the fundamentalists, who have made it a cornerstone of their anti-French, anti-Western propaganda, she says.